Editorial Process

The Young Researcher is edited by secondary school students working closely with scholars and active researchers at universities and in the community. It operates a blind peer-reviewed process, following those in established, academic research journals. Articles submitted are read blindly by at least three editors to ensure the highest possible quality of accepted articles.

Pool of Consulting Editors

Anthony Campbell
Anthony Campbell established Grow for Good Urban Teaching Farm in 2013 as a business model innovation laboratory and learning centre for young entrepreneurs. He spent time working throughout North America, Europe, Australia, Asia and now resides in his hometown of Toronto. Examples of Anthony's work are documented in The Innovator's Field Guide (2014), co-authored by David Crosswhite and Peter Skarzynski, as well as multiple Harvard Business School and Corporate Executive Board case studies chronicling the innovation and capability-building efforts of companies such as Samsung, Whirlpool, Best Buy and McDonald's. Previously, Anthony taught Film Studies, Writing and English Literature at The University of Western Ontario.

Jeremy B. Caplan
ScB, PhD
Jeremy Caplan is an Associate Professor in Psychology Department at the University of Alberta, where he is also the Principal Investigator at the University of Alberta Computational Memory Lab. The lab is focused on human verbal memory behaviour and its basis in cognitive and neural processes. The team takes several approaches towards research, including mathematical modeling, measures of behaviour in the cognitive psychology tradition, and measures of brain activity using electroencephalography (event-related potentials and oscillations) and functional magnetic resonance imaging. He has been a referee for 38 academic journals.

Priya Chopra
Dr. Chopra is a practising general surgeon at the William Osler Health Centre (WOHS) in Brampton, Ontario, Canada, where she maintains a busy practice and balances involvement in various healthcare initiatives with the local cancer center. She earned her MD at Western University (London, Ontario), and completed general surgery residency at the University of Ottawa. After a year of pediatric surgical training at Université de Montréal, Dr. Chopra joined WOHS in 2001. Her clinical interests include systematic promotion of cancer care in her highly diverse catchment area. She is currently deeply engaged with her local Ontario Health Team creating innovative solutions to improve health outcomes and diminish inequities in healthcare. She has also taken on healthcare consulting engagements to improve program design and delivery. She hopes to become involved with the new TMU medical school opening in Brampton in 2025. 

Nitin Deckha
Nitin Deckha (he/him) holds a PhD in Anthropology from Rice University, Houston and is a Certified Training Development Professional (CTDP). Over the last 15 years, Nitin has taught courses on intercultural communication, social problems, social justice, gender issues and the transformation of work at the University of Guelph-Humber, Toronto. In addition to his current research on gender inclusion in police recruitment, Nitin has conducted and published research on police experiences of higher education and the gendered perceptions of career preparedness. Nitin also consults and speaks on intercultural competence, equity and inclusion, and the future of work and learning.

Will Fripp
Will Fripp is a public affairs and political risk analyst for Canadian and international clients. A B.A. in History and Political Science from Victoria University at the University of Toronto and an M.A. in Intelligence and International Relations from the University of Salford in Manchester, England, he is a historian specializing in intelligence and espionage, and its modern influences. Will anchored www.spiesintheshadows.com, a web based curriculum outlining Canadian foreign intelligence history and its impacts on Canada's national development. An occasional lecturer, Will's writings and review articles appear in peer-reviewed academic journals like Intelligence and National Security, and elsewhere.

Michael Gemar
BSc, BA, PhD
Michael Gemar received undergraduate degrees in Psychology and Philosophy from Rice University, and a PhD in experimental psychology from the University of Toronto. He has worked as a researcher at the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, examining the cognitive and neural correlates of mood disorders, and was involved in a landmark study demonstrating the efficacy of mindfulness meditation to prevent depressive relapse. He has co-authored numerous journal articles, and taught for over a decade at U of T. More recently, he has worked in the area of health policy, and is currently at a Canadian non-profit.

Jennifer Goldberg
Jennifer Goldberg holds an M.A. in History from the University of Toronto. Her graduate studies focused on teacher misconduct in 19th century Ontario, and her research is published in Historical Studies in Education. She currently teaches at Havergal College, where she has also served as Chair of Teaching and Learning. In this capacity, she has explored the role of feedback in student learning, and has presented on this work at the National Coalition of Girls' Schools and Conference of Independent Teachers of English.

Tim Hutton
Tim Hutton is a teacher-librarian at Royal St. George's College. He has a BA in History and American Studies from the University of Toronto and a Masters in Library and Information Science from San Jose State University. At the secondary level, he has taught courses in the social sciences, humanities and communications technology, including a locally designed interdisciplinary course in urban studies.

Ira Jacobs
Dip Phys Ed, MHK, DrMedSc
Professor Ira Jacobs became dean of the Faculty of Kinesiology & Physical Education at the University of Toronto on July 1, 2010, and was re-appointed to his current second decanal term. Before assuming this role, Jacobs was chair of York University’s School of Kinesiology and Health Science from 2007 until 2010, and a federal government scientist from 1982 until 2007. Jacobs earned his doctorate in clinical physiology from Sweden’s Karolinska Institute, where he specialized in skeletal muscle metabolism. For the next 25 years, he did extensive exercise physiology research in Canada’s human sciences laboratory, operated by the Department of National Defence. There, Jacobs rose to the position of chief scientist and led a unique international research group that helped to enhance the performance of military special operations units through their research into physiological, nutritional and pharmacological strategies. He is a past president of the Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology and the Canadian Council of University Physical Education and Kinesiology Administrators. He is a fellow of the American College of Sports Medicine, an international fellow of the US National Academy of Kinesiology, and in 2016, he was named a Fellow of the Canadian Academy of Health Sciences.Jacobs’ research has led to the publication of more than 200 scientific articles, reports and book chapters about his research interests that include the physiological responses to physical exertion in environmental extremes, performance enhancement through pharmacological and nutritional manipulation of metabolism, and exercise pharmacology. During his term as dean, the Faculty of Kinesiology & Physical Education has been rated as among the top academic programs in the world for kinesiology, physical education, sport and exercise sciences.

Jamie Kellar
BScHK, BScPhm, PharmD, PhD
Jamie Kellar is an Associate Professor – Teaching and Associate Dean, Academic at the Leslie Dan Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Toronto. She received an Honors Bachelor of Science degree in Human Kinetics (BScHK) from the University of Guelph, followed by a Bachelor of Science in Pharmacy (BScPhm) and Doctor of Pharmacy (PharmD) degree, both from the University of Toronto. She obtained her PhD from the School of Health Professions Education, Maastricht University, Netherlands. In addition to her education, she is a licensed pharmacist in Ontario. Professor Kellar’s practice area is in the field of mental health. Her research explores professional identity in pharmacy education and practice. Dr. Kellar is an award-winning educator, having won the University of Toronto Early Career Teaching Award, the President’s Teaching Award and the Association of Faculties of Pharmacy of Canada (AFPC) National Award for Excellence in Education.

John Lambersky
BA, MA, BEd, PhD
John Lambersky is a teacher and head of the Canadian and World Studies department at Royal St. George’s College in Toronto, where he leads the AP Capstone program. He has presented his work on teaching practice at the conferences of the International Boys’ School Coalition, the National Association of Independent Schools, and the Canadian Accredited Independent Schools. His academic research is focused on school culture as a mechanism for school improvement. His work has been featured in Leadership and Policy in Schools, The Dalhousie Review, and The Nashawaak Review, and he is the author of Style and Substance: Finding and Joining the Academic Conversation from Broadview Press. 

Blake Lee-Whiting
Blake Lee-Whiting is a third year PhD student in the Department of Political Science at the University of Toronto. He received his BA from Queen’s University and his MPP from the University of Toronto. He is interested in Canadian politics, public policy, and electoral politics. He is a member of the Policy, Elections, & Representation Lab at the Munk School of Global Affairs & Public Policy where he is currently working on projects related to the health of politicians, electoral success, and electoral candidacy.

Lori Loeb
Lori Loeb is Associate Professor of Modern British history at the University of Toronto. She has a Masters in Museum Studies and a PhD in History. A specialist in the Victorian period, she is the author of Consuming Angels: Advertising and Victorian Women. Generally, she writes about things in nineteenth-century Britain. A past Deputy Chair and Associate Chair (Graduate) of the History Department, she is currently MA Coordinator. She teaches courses in nineteenth and twentieth-century British history, Victorian material culture and the English country house.

Gaven MacDonald
BSc, BEd
Gaven MacDonald is a Physics and Mathematics teacher at Havergal College, where he is the faculty advisor for the Robotics Team. He is a member of the school's Blended Learning Team, which focuses on developing methods to combine online education resources with in-person classroom teaching. Gaven has designed physics simulations on the website www.cutequbit.com  that teachers can use to assist with their teaching, or to make individualized student assessments. Gaven also runs an educational YouTube channel which focuses on electronics and programming.

Jaime Malic
BA (Hons), MA, BEd, PhD
Jaime Malic completed her PhD in Educational Leadership and Policy at the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education at the University of Toronto; her research focused on leadership values and practices in independent schools in Ontario. Jaime has fifteen years of experience as an educator in both independent and public schools. She currently teaches both AP Capstone Seminar and AP Research, as well as senior English courses at St. Clement’s School. Jaime has served as a Reader for AP Capstone Seminar, written for Independent Teacher and Independent Ideas, and presented on various topics at the American Educational Research Association’s Annual Conference, the Conference of Independent Teachers of English Annual Conference, the Ontario Advanced Placement Administration Conference, and the Advanced Placement Annual Conference.

William J. McCausland
BASc, MEng, MA, PhD
William McCausland is an associate professor of economics at the Université de Montréal. His research applies Bayesian statistical methods in two main areas. The first is discrete choice, at the interface of economics and psychology, where researchers study how people make choices from a small menu of available options. The second is time series modelling in economics, which has many applications in macroeconomics and financial economics. His undergraduate studies were in Engineering and he received his Ph.D. degree in economics from the University of Minnesota.

Matt Mooney
BA (Hons), BEd
Matt Mooney is currently a secondary teacher in the Canadian & World Studies department at Royal St. George’s College in Toronto, where he also serves on the Excellence in Teaching and Learning Committee. Matt earned an Honours BA from The University of Toronto, with a double major in History and Geography, and his Bachelor of Education from the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education. He has been teaching in Ontario since 2011 and has experience with curriculum development, such as his work on the Education Committee for Magna Carta Canada. Since 2019, Matt has helped to oversee The Young Researcher.

Cameron Raymond
BSc, MSc
Cameron is an AI policy analyst at OpenAI, an AI research and deployment company. He holds an MSc from the University of Oxford (Social Data Science) and a BSc from Queen’s University (computer science and political science). Previously, Cameron was a research fellow at Stanford University's Regulation, Evaluation and Governance Lab (RegLab), and a visiting researcher at Princeton University’s Stigma and Social Perception Lab, the University of Toronto’s Computational Social Science Lab, and the Oxford Internet Institute. Cameron's published journal articles span policy, human-computer interaction, and computational social science.

Kate Schumaker
Kate Schumaker is the Manager of Quality Assurance & Outcome Measurement at the Catholic Children’s Aid Society of Toronto, and holds the position of Assistant Professor (status only) at the Factor Inwentash Faculty of Social Work, University of Toronto. She has worked for over 20 years in child welfare and children’s mental health, including front-line clinical positions and 10 years producing and implementing child welfare policy for the provincial government. In 2011-12 she worked for the Commission to Promote Sustainable Child Welfare, supporting accountability framework development, including the establishment of a set of standardized performance indicators for the child welfare sector in Ontario. Her areas of practice and research interest include poverty, child neglect, trauma-informed practice, child welfare decision-making, and evidence-informed policy and practice.

Eva Serhal
Eva Serhal is the Director of Virtual Mental Health and Outreach at the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health in Ontario, Canada and Director of the ECHO Ontario Superhub, a collaboration between CAMH and UHN that provides training and implementation support to new ECHO telementoring projects throughout Canada. Eva completed a PhD in Health Services Research at the University of Toronto, with a focus on outcomes and evaluation in virtual models of healthcare. Eva’s current research assesses the implementation, adoption and economic factors of virtual care in Ontario. Eva also has significant experience with leadership and governance; she currently co-chairs the Toronto Telemedicine Collaborative and sits as a board member of the Children’s Aid Society of Toronto.

Sydney Stoyan
B.A, M.A., Ph.D.
Sydney Stoyan holds a B.A. in French Literature from the University of Toronto, and an M.A. and a Ph.D in English Literature from the University of Ottawa. Her doctoral thesis, “The Widow’s Might: Law and the Widow in British Fiction, 1689-1792,” won the Governor General’s Gold Medal for the Arts in 2002. She has since written freelance and worked as an editor for various publications and projects.

Alumni Editors
Nicholas Bethlenfalvy is a fourth-year student attending Trinity College at the University of Toronto. He graduated from Royal St. George’s College in 2018 after studying under the two-year AP Capstone program. In AP Research, he analyzed the root causes of rising pedestrian fatalities in Toronto. After taking the Ethics, Society and Law stream in the Margaret MacMillan Trinity One Program, Nicholas continues to pursue an undergraduate degree in Economics and American Studies at the Munk School of Global Affairs and Public Policy.

Ryan Hamilton is a specialist in history at the University of Toronto. He is also studying Peace, Conflict and Justice at the Trudeau Centre at the Munk School of Global Affairs and Public Policy, where he served as Academic Director for the PCJ student society for the 2020-21 academic year. In that role, he helped lead production of the 2020 and 2021 Rapoport journals of student work relating to Peace, Conflict and Justice. He is a research assistant for Prof. Dimitry Anastakis, focusing on the rise of free trade and neoliberalism. He is a graduate of the Pearson Stream of the Vic One program at Victoria College. He is also a graduate of the AP Capstone program at Royal St. George’s College, where his research focused on a Canadian battalion in the First World War.

William Howard-Waddingham is a rising senior at Yale University studying political science. He works as a research and writing intern at Renew Democracy Initiative, a non-profit organization that seeks to defend and spread liberal democracy in the United States and across the world, and as a research assistant at the Yale Law School's Schell Center for International Human Rights. William also runs the Europe desk at the Yale Review of International Studies. He graduated from RSGC in 2018, and The Young Researcher published his AP Research study, "Race, wrongful convictions, and Texas: An analysis of the impact of juror and defendant ethnicity on wrongful convictions in Texas" in the summer of that year.

Andrew Pyper is an analyst at Charles River Associates in Washington DC, working in the Antitrust & Competition Economics Practice; in this role, he produces economic analysis for clients with antitrust-related litigation and regulatory issues. He graduated from the University of Chicago in 2022, where he majored in economics and political science, and graduated from Royal St. George’s College in 2018, where he completed the AP Capstone program. His AP Research paper, published in The Young Researcher, examined RSGC students’ perceptions of the school’s implementation of formative assessment. In university, he continued his education work by advising local high school students on the university application process and continued to engage with academia as a data research assistant for a suicide attack research project and as an intern for the Milken Institute, supporting research on building more sustainable capital markets in developing countries.

ISSN 2560-9815 (Print)
ISSN 2560-9823 (Online)

All articles appearing in The Young Researcher are licensed under 
CC BY-NC-ND 2.5 Canada License.